Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to give Hong Kong people the right to live and work in the UK and claim British citizenship. He stated on 1 July in Parliament, reports ITV.
Johnson has accused China in violation of the Treaty of Hong Kong.
According to him, those residents of autonomy, which is the passport of the representative of the British national overseas (BNO), will be able to freely enter and stay in the UK.
Potentially this will be approximately 3 million people, said the foreign Minister Dominic Raab. He said that the law on national security passed in China, contrary to the joint British-Chinese Declaration on the rights and status of Hong Kong as London will meet its obligations to holders of BNO passports.
The Chinese Ambassador to London Liu Xiaoming described the UK government’s position as interference in the Affairs of Hong Kong and China.
“The main contents of the Sino-British joint Declaration to return Hong Kong to China. Not one word or paragraph in the Declaration does not give Britain any responsibility for Hong Kong after its transfer,” reads the statement published on the website of the Embassy.
The Ambassador stressed that the law on national security is not contrary to the principle of “one country, two systems”, applies only to several forms of “criminal conduct” and protects law-abiding Hong Kong residents.
On 30 June, the standing Committee of vsekitajsky meeting of national representatives adopted the law on the protection of national security in Hong Kong, which strengthens the control of the Chinese authorities of the Autonomous region. The document gives Beijing more powers to deal with Subversion, terrorism and conspiring with foreign influence on autonomy and provides for life imprisonment for crimes in the sphere of national security, in particular for separatist activities. The document came into force on the date of adoption.
Pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have condemned the act, believing that it would undermine the principle of “one country, two systems” and will destroy the status of Hong Kong as a global financial centre. In Beijing, said that he decided to adopt the law “after prolonged social instability and the escalation of street violence that plunged Hong Kong into a difficult situation since 1997”.
In the summer of 2019 in Hong Kong began anti-government protests in connection with the intention to pass a law that would allow extradition at the request of Chinese authorities. This document was revoked, but the protests continued. Their participants demanded to reduce the influence of mainland China on the city politics, early election, investigate the actions of police and an Amnesty for detained demonstrators. The epidemic of coronavirus suspended action, but at the end of April they resumed.
In the course of mass actions of July 1, were arrested about 400 protesters.
Hong Kong is a separate administrative region within China. Britain handed control of Hong Kong to China in 1997. According to the Sino-British joint Declaration and the basic law of Hong Kong, the territory granted broad autonomy until 2047 under the formula “one country, two systems”. It guarantees freedoms that are not enjoyed in China.