“The attempted rehabilitation of two dictators.” The Baltic States reacted to intention of Russia to justify the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact

Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia on 18 June condemned and criticized the intentions of the State Duma of the Russian Federation to cancel the decision of Congress of people’s deputies of the USSR from 1989, which condemned the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany in 1939.

The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Estonia notedthat the Pact and secret protocols “directly led to the cynical division of the world between two totalitarian regimes and paved the way to world war II, one of the most terrible chapters in our shared history”.

Lithuanian foreign Minister recalled that the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact “divided Eastern Europe into spheres of influence of Germany and the USSR and paved the way for the invasion of Poland in 1939 led to the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States in 1940”.

The Ministry stressedthat “the attempt at rehabilitation of two dictators [leaders of Nazi Germany of Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union of Joseph Stalin] repeatedly condemned not only by the international community, but Russia itself”. Lithuanian foreign Ministry hopes that the Russian state Duma “have the wisdom to abandon the project, which would return today’s Russia to its totalitarian past.”

The Latvian foreign Ministry believesthat the draft law to the interpretation of historical events “contrary to the international well-established, undisputed and unambiguous facts, supported by extensive documentary evidence and can therefore be considered as a distortion of history.”

“The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Latvia categorically rejects the attempts to justify the ruthless and bloody atrocities committed by the two totalitarian regimes of Stalinism and Nazism in the XX century”, – said in a statement.

On the position of the foreign Ministry of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania June 18, was informed the Russian ambassadors.

The publication of the statements of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Baltic States coincided with the release of the article of Russian President Vladimir Putin, in which he, among other things, calls the occupation of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in 1940 “legitimate”. The occupation was carried out including on the basis of the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact.

24 December 1989 the Congress of people’s deputies of the USSR adopted a resolution “On political and legal assessment of the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact”. Document Treaty of 1939 recognized the “deviation from the Leninist principles of Soviet foreign policy,” and the secret protocols to the Pact called “agreement”. “Congress condemns the fact of signing a “secret Protocol” of August 23, 1939 and other secret agreements with Germany. The Congress declares the secret protocols legally untenable and invalid from the moment of signing”, – said in the decision.

Also, the decision stated that the Pact and secret protocols “were from a legal point of view in contradiction with the sovereignty and independence of several third countries” (mentioned Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland and Finland).

At the end of may 2020, the state Duma Deputy Alexey Zhuravlev introduced for consideration the lower chamber of Parliament a bill which proposed to cancel the resolution of the Congress of people’s deputies of the USSR. On 9 June, the Duma Committee for international Affairs approved a draft law and sent it for further consideration.

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