On 2 June, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree “On state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of nuclear deterrence”, which defines the conditions of application of this weapon. The document posted on the Internet-portal of legal information.
“The Russian Federation reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to application against it and (or) its allies of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and also in case of aggression against the Russian Federation involving conventional weapons when under threat the very existence of the state”, – stated in the decree.
It stipulates four conditions:
- receipt of reliable information about the launch of ballistic missiles, attacking the territory of the Russian Federation and (or) its allies;
- the application of enemy nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction on the territories of Russia and (or) its allies;
- the enemy on critical government or military facilities of Russia, the scrapping of which will lead to a breakdown of retaliatory action of the nuclear forces;
- aggression against Russia with conventional weapons, a threat to the existence of the state.
The decision to use nuclear weapons made by the President of Russia. Other options are not provided.
The head of the Kremlin may also, according to Putin signed the document to warn about the possible use of nuclear weapons, the military-political leadership of other countries and international organizations.