American congressmen have submitted a draft resolution, which invites the administration of U.S. President Donald trump to toughen sanctions against Russia over the violation of human rights. The text of the document published on the website of the U.S. house of representatives on foreign Affairs on may 11.
Its authors are the Chairman of the Committee Democrat Eliot Engel and Republican Michael mccaul.
As stated in the statement of the Congress, project resolution condemns the politically motivated opinions of journalists, the opposition, representatives of civil society and activists advocating for religious freedom.
The document calls on the Russian Federation to immediately release the persons defined by the human rights center “memorial” political prisoners (in the draft resolution given a list of them), and the administration of tramp – impose sanctions on Russian officials responsible for human rights violations under the so-called Magnitsky act.
Engel said that the draft resolution submitted by the representatives of the two major American parties, is “a strong bipartisan signal to the Kremlin.”
“[Russian President] Vladimir Putin is a brutal, authoritarian leader with years of experience in the suppression of civil liberties, including press freedom, freedom of speech, political opposition and democracy. One has only to recall the violent murder of Putin critic, [Russian opposition leader] Boris Nemtsov, to see how Putin has cracked down on those who oppose him. The U.S. Congress supports the heroes who put their lives at risk for the sake of freedom and democracy”, – said the head of the Committee.
McCall noted that “Putin is most afraid of the truth”.
“The Russian President has turned the rule of law into a tool of repression, silencing journalists, threatening of political opponents, and incarceration of civil society activists, Ukrainians, as well as religious and ethnic minorities. If Vladimir Putin really believed in their ability to manage [the government], he would encourage the independent media welcomed the public display and advocated for free and fair elections”, – said the Republican.
He believes that with political persecution Putin is trying to hide “their numerous failures.”
In December 2012, the US passed the so-called Magnitsky act, imposing personal sanctions against persons responsible for violation of human rights and the rule of law in Russia. Initially, the list included 18 people, mostly law enforcement officers, which, according to the compilers of the list were relevant to the investigation of the criminal case against lawyer of the consulting company Firestone Duncan of the auditor of Fund Hermitage Capital of Sergei Magnitsky. He died in a remand prison in Moscow in 2009 at the age of 37 ostensibly from cardiac problems. Russian human rights activists claim that the authorities deliberately ignored the poor state of health of Magnitsky to force him to shut up about large-scale embezzlement from the Russian budget. The”Magnitsky list” expanded several times.
In December 2016, the US Congress adopted the “Global Magnitsky act”, in the same month it was signed by then President Barack Obama. According to the law, the President of the United States may impose sanctions against the citizens of any foreign state, if it is proven that they are relevant to gross violations of human rights and corruption. Sanctions could include a ban on entering the US and freezing of assets.