Pandemic coronavirus led to a sharp increase of environmental pollution, disposable articles, particularly medical face masks and bottles of disinfectant liquids. About it it is spoken in the report published on 27 July by the United Nations conference on trade and development (UNCTAD).
“UNCTAD estimates, due to coronavirus quarantine worldwide greenhouse gas emissions sharply declined by 5%, however, not all measures to contain the pandemic had a positive impact on the environment. Our streets, beaches and the ocean suffered from tsunami waste COVID-19, including the plastic face masks, gloves, disinfectant for hands and packaging for food products,” the report said.
The Director of the Department of international trade UNCTAD Pamela coke-Hamilton recalled that the environmental pollution with plastic before the coronavirus was one of the major threats to the planet. A new challenge has exacerbated the situation.
According to the consulting company Grand View Research, only sales of disposable masks in the world increased from $800 million in 2019 to $166 billion this.
The situation was aggravated also online shopping and online food takeaway, Packed in plastic.
“About 75% of coronavirus plastic is likely to be waste cluttering up our landfills and floating in our seas. And the cost staggering… the Adverse impact of plastic waste on fisheries, tourism and Maritime transport is estimated to be about $40 billion a year,” the report said.
UNCTAD has urged governments and business circles of the world to find a way semenitari plastic products are non-toxic, biodegradable or easily recyclable materials: glass, ceramics, natural fibers, paper, cardboard, rice husks, natural rubber, and animal proteins.
“As a substitutes of plastics are time-consuming, changes in the structure of production and consumption can create new jobs,” added coke-Hamilton.
In February 2017, the United Nations said that if humanity will not give up from plastic bottles, bags, Housewares and cosmetics with plastic micro-particles, then by 2050 the oceans will be more plastic than fish.
19 December 2018, the European Parliament and the European Council reached political agreement on new measures to combat waste, polluting the marine environment. The agreement is based on the action plan adopted in 2015.
In the European Union by 2021 should ban the use of disposable plastic Cutlery (forks, knives, spoons and chopsticks), plastic disposable plates, straws, cotton swabs, plastic.
Pandemic coronavirus worldwide, has greatly increased the demand for medical masks, rubber gloves and antiseptics.