The Russian monopolist “Gazprom” wants to circumvent the US sanctions against the gas pipeline “Nord stream – 2”, using the idea of supply in Europe hydrogen from Russia. In an interview with LIGA.netthat came on June 22, said the head of Board NAK “Naftogaz Ukraine” Andriy KOBOLEV.
“Russia is trying to cling to the idea of hydrogen. Has already started talk that “Nord stream – 2” will be used for pumping hydrogen from Russia. Supposedly, this “green” project… Now it [a question from the Ukraine] has been [the adviser to the head of Naftogaz] Lana mirror”, – said Kobolyev.
In his opinion, the proposal of “Gazprom”, given the technical characteristics of the pipes used for the construction of the pipeline, “not fully true”.
The head of the company noted that the possible extension of sanctions against the pipeline from the US could block the construction of “Nord stream – 2” (the restrictive measures, in particular, may relate to insurance companies cooperating with the project).
“To work in the Maritime zones of the countries of the European Union, you must have insurance. Without it, no ship will not be allowed to start construction work. In the territorial waters of the Baltic sea are buried various weapons, including chemical. It actually aggravates and makes extremely dangerous any construction work. For example, it is impossible to use an anchor, and there are requirements to vessels that can guide the construction”, – KOBOLEV explained, the difficulties that may face the project.
“Nord stream – 2” gas pipeline that will link Russia to Germany under the Baltic sea. The length of the trail is more than 1,200 km, the new pipeline’s capacity will be 55 billion m3 of gas per year. The cost of the project is €9.5 billion, half of it financed by the Russian “Gazprom” and five European companies: Anglo-Dutch Shell, German Wintershall and Uniper, Engie French and Austrian OMV.
The authorities of Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are considered “Nord stream – 2” the threat to Europe’s energy security.
In 2018, Germany, Finland and Sweden were allowed to lay the pipeline through its territory, Denmark gave permission only in 2019. It was expected that the construction of the pipeline will be completed by the end of 2019, but then starting the “Nord stream – 2” is moved to the end of 2020.
In December 2019, the President of the United States Donald trump signed the defense budget for 2020, which envisages the introduction of sanctions against the Russian gas pipeline “Turkish stream” and “Nord stream – 2”. Immediately after that, the Swiss company Allseas has suspended work on the construction of “Nord stream – 2” and withdrew from the Baltic sea and its pipe-laying ships.
Russian energy Minister Alexander Novak said that for the completion of the gas pipeline Russia could use the Russian pipe-laying vessel “Akademik Chersky”. It was transferred from the far Eastern port of Nakhodka in the Baltic sea. Now laying vessel is in the territorial waters of Germany, in the port of Mukran. In June 2020, “the academic left” has changed its owner, which, according to media reports, will allow “Gazprom” to avoid new US sanctions.
In early June, the U.S. Senate introduced a bill on the extension of restrictive measures against the pipeline. The new sanctions can touch the companies providing underwriting services, insurance or reinsurance for participating in the project courts.
At the time of suspension of work by company Allseas had put on the bottom of the Baltic sea, 160 km of pipes, the publication reported Neftegaz.Ru.