On Spitsbergen, on 25 July was recorded the highest temperature ever recorded – +is 21.7 °C. it is reported Agency AFP , citing the Norwegian meteorological Institute.
Two days in a row, the air temperature exceeded +21 °C, and on Saturday evening rose to a record, renewing the previous record in 1979 by 0.5 °C.
The archipelago is located at a distance of 1000 km from the North pole. July is the hottest month in the Arctic, however, at this time the temperature usually does not exceed +8 °C. the heat Wave that covered Svalbard will leave today, says the Agency.
According to scientific studies, global warming in the Arctic is happening twice as fast than in the rest of the planet. According to a recent report “the Climate of Spitsbergen in 2100”, the average temperature in the archipelago between 2070, and 2100 years will rise by 7-10 °C.
November 4, 2016 came into force in the Paris climate agreement, which requires measures to prevent climate change. The document already ratified by more than 180 countries, including India. In the list, which is published on the website of the United Nations, the United States, but in 2017 they officially informed about the withdrawal from the agreement.
The Paris agreement provides for the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions to a level where they will be completely absorbed by plants and oceans, to the end of this century; the slower growth of average annual temperature, so that it does not exceed more than two degrees average temperature of the planet to pre-industrial times; the establishment of a Fund, through which rich countries will help the poor to move to cleaner forms of energy.