Coronavirus as a new challenge system of biological safety of humankind

22 may in an online format hosted the international Symposium “Legal problems of biological security in the Russian Federation”, organized by Moscow state law University named after O. E. Kutafin and the Russian medical Academy of continuing professional education, Ministry of health of Ukraine (RMAPO). In its work took part more than 80 representatives of scientific and educational organizations and authorities. Scientists spoke about important environmental issues, applications of biotechnology, exposure to ionizing radiation, and epidemiological threats. Pandemic coronavirus infection, of course, influenced the agenda of this event.

Rector of Russian medical Academy of continuous professional education (RMAPO) Ministry of health of Russia Dmitry Sychev drew attention to the problems of drug supply, training of medical personnel and scientific activities in connection with the threats of a biological nature. “Pandemic coronavirus infection turned our heads almost everything. If we had, clinical pharmacologists, as adherents of evidence-based medicine, it was clear that the mainstay of treatment is clinical recommendations, guidline, how to treat unknown disease? Clinical recommendations based on evidence-based medicine, in this case is not very work, — he complained. — There is a new genre: the “Temporary guidelines”, which are usually based on expert opinion – on the gradation of levels of evidence is the lowest level. They are based on small observations, little derandomizing, sometimes, uncontrolled and not blinded, studies. There was a transformation from medicine, evidence-based medicine based on hope.”

But bio-security is not confined only to medical issues and into the area of responsibility of the military-industrial complex.

Professor of the Military University Alexey Barkov said in his speech that left open the question of what is meant by sustainable development of the military-industrial complex, what are the criteria and what modern technology, including legal, may be required to ensure chemical and biological security. “The Central idea of sustainable development is to change the traditional unsustainable patterns of production and consumption and the transition to resource efficient and low carbon economy, — said the speaker. — This course should ensure a balance between economic, social sphere and environment”. He suggested that one of the tools to achieve such development could be a public-private partnership.

Today, up to 17% of electricity produced in nuclear power plants. Nuclear technologies also offer great opportunities in medicine, agriculture, engineering. “Legislative regulation of handling of ionizing radiation sources in recent years, much has changed: in addition to sanitary and epidemiological supervision drawn to it Rostechnadzor, Rosprirodnadzor, the Ministry, and etc. each has its own regulatory framework for the oversight functions, said the head of the laboratory of radiation safety, Institute of Biophysics of FMBA of Russia Valeriy Barchukov. — However, sometimes the same objects and processes of each regulator have their own names, which makes confusion among the specific holders of ionizing radiation sources. Therefore, it is important to develop a common vocabulary and bringing all regulatory requirements to a single standard, possibly in the framework of regulatory guillotine. You must also distinguish areas of Supervisory responsibility between Rospotrebnadzor and FMBA of Russia”.

The speaker also noted the redundancy requirements for the security used at nuclear plants, sources of ionizing radiation used in the home, industry and in medicine. In his opinion, they must develop different regulators.

Associate Professor of medical law University named after O. E. Kutafin (MSAL), Alex Pechev outlined the most acute problems of organization and legal support of ongoing public health interventions during a pandemic coronavirus infection, gave examples of different, sometimes opposing approaches to solving the same problems in different regions of the country, and also explained why it is impossible to dismiss the theory about the artificial origin of the novel coronavirus. Scientist noted unusual for a naturally occurring combination of high pathogenicity and contagiousness covid-19, which first seen. And recalled the joint studies of the genome of coronaviruses, conducted by the United States and China, the results of which were received in 2012. In 2015 the journal Nature published an article which said that scientists from North Carolina and Wuhan took non-hazardous to human coronavirus Chinese bat SHC014 and crossed it with the threat of SARS, received a new dangerous virus.

“After the recognition that they created the virus Chimera, the financing of the program for the study of coronavirus genomes has stopped (it was about 20 grants). But the investigations were continued in China and was interrupted just after the leak of the virus from a laboratory in Wuhan, — said A. Pekshev. — This is the essence of the hypothesis of artificial origin of the virus covid-19”.

In turn, head of the Department of medical law University named after O. E. Kutafin (MSAL) Alexander Mokhov from the evolution of the coronavirus infection have shown gaps in the functioning of the system ensuring Biosafety. It is suggested to consider the issues of Biosafety from the standpoint of systems theory to actively apply intersectoral and interdisciplinary approaches to the solution of actual problems caused by the achievements, as well as risks and threats that carry with them a progressive biotechnology.

According to experts and environmental information law the new challenges and threats force a different look at the current institutions industry law, require new solutions to ensure the biological, information, environmental and other types of security.

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