In the commune of Saint-Paul-Les-durance, South of France 28 July, we launched the latest five-year phase build the world’s largest nuclear reactor ITER, reports The Guardian. The project, if successful, will mark the beginning of use mankind of new, environmentally clean and efficient source of energy.
The international thermonuclear experimental reactor is a joint project by China, EU, India, Japan, South Korea, USA and Russia. Its history began in the late 1970s, when these countries were United under the auspices of the IAEA to explore safe and effective methods of production of nuclear energy.
The first model of the ITER established in the early 1980s. In 1988, the project was officially launched: engineers have identified the location and parameters of the reactor. The budget for the project as of 2006 were €10 billion.
Start of construction of the reactor was planned for 2015, however, it was postponed until 2020. During this time the project budget was increased to €20 billion.
The area occupied by the reactor is 42 acres for his service already involved 2,300 employees.
The completion of the construction of ITER is scheduled until 2025, but self-supporting nuclear fusion begin no earlier than 2060.
ITER – fusion reactor type “tokamak”: setting for magnetic plasma confinement.
In contrast to the currently used reactors in which the energy produced through fission of radioactive elements, ITER will be to apply the technology of nuclear fusion. It provides a release of energy, but the radiation in this case is virtually nonexistent. This method of producing energy is considered environmentally safe.
In January 2016, scientists of the nuclear physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences has announced plans for the development of the second in the world project of thermonuclear reactor. They called it an alternative project more commercially attractive than the international thermonuclear experimental reactor.